KATMANDU, NOVEMBER 9
The number of investors in the solar power project has increased dramatically in recent years.
It can be noted that promoting the solar and energy mix is a priority for the government in its desire to research and promote alternative energy sources.
The government plans to generate 15,000 megawatts of electricity within ten years and the contribution of alternative energies to this plan is around 10%.
Solar energy projects continue to attract investors unlike other alternative energy sources. The Ministry of Energy, Water Resources and Irrigation has focused on the development and promotion of other sources of primary energy, including hydropower projects and this concept is known as ” energy mix ”.
At the political level, the ministry provides the necessary facilitation for the development and expansion of solar energy. In the initial phase, solar energy was used for household electrification purposes. Its use for commercial purposes has started recently.
The solar project is also increasingly attractive at the international level.
The Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) has started the 25 MW solar project in Nuwakot and the power generation is about 50% of the capacity. Data from the Ministry of Electricity Development showed that 33 solar projects requested the survey and their cumulative capacity is 408 MW.
The government is clear on not allowing permission to operate a solar project in arable land. The surrounding areas of the Mid-Hill Highway appear to be suitable for the installation of large-scale solar projects.
NEA has entered into a power purchase agreement with the solar projects to purchase electricity around Rs 7 per unit. NEA Executive Director Kulman Ghising said the investment cost of solar power projects is gradually decreasing. Stating that the NEA has signed a power purchase agreement with some projects worth Rs 7 per unit, he estimated that solar power plants could be installed on land unsuitable for cultivation.
According to the Ministry of Electricity Development, 16 projects have obtained construction authorization. Their total generating capacity is 93 megawatts. Likewise, 21 projects obtained survey authorization. Their combined production capacity is 568 megawatts.
Nine projects have applied for a construction permit. Their production capacity is 60 megawatts in total. Four projects produce solar energy. Their total production capacity is 20 megawatts.
In the Kathmandu Valley, the Kathmandu Upatyaka Khanepani Management Board operates a 0.68 megawatt plant.
Likewise, Bishnupriya solar farm produces one megawatt of power, Ridi hydropower as a grid connected solar power project produces 8.5 megawatts of power in Rupandehi and the solar photovoltaic project de Mithila generates 10 megawatts of electricity in Dhanusha.
The combined production of projects, including those in the investigation phase, those awaiting investigation authorization and projects that have already obtained production authorization, is 1,149 megawatts.