Tangier-based ecologist Hajar Khamlichi also believes it is possible to adapt to climate change and solve the water problem. Some Moroccan programs are encouraging steps in the right direction, she says, including the use of sewage treatment plants to treat irrigation water, the construction of new dams and the desalination of seawater fed by renewable energies. “There are always policies in place and a vision,” she says.
Khamlichi, president and co-founder of the Mediterranean Youth Network for Climate, which brings together various youth organizations from Mediterranean countries, believes that the rise in climate challenges in Morocco must be tackled head-on. “There is a lot of work to be done and the challenges are great,” she says. “Over time we notice more problems, but we also come up with solutions.”
Rachid Ennassiri, a Moroccan environmentalist, founded the Moroccan Youth Center for Sustainable Energy in 2018. This national organization has among its members people from the Ouarzazate region in the south, where many mega-projects are located, including the ‘Noor factory. . Over the years, Ennassiri has worked on several climate change initiatives, including a project to make mosques more sustainable using solar panels.
Morocco cannot simply continue to follow its initial plan to expand renewable energy, Ennassiri said. “2021 is not 2009,” he said, referring to the date of Morocco’s first plan to reduce carbon emissions and curb dependence on fossil fuels. “In order to increase renewable energy, major reforms must be made.”
Towards net zero
Since the signing of the Paris Agreement, how are countries meeting their climate commitments? Towards Net Zero analyzes nine countries on their progress, major climate challenges and their lessons for the rest of the world in reducing emissions.
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