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JEDDAH: Parts of Asia, Africa and Europe experienced a deep partial solar eclipse today that lasted four hours and four minutes between 11:58 a.m. and 4:02 p.m. Makkah time. The sun was 82% eclipsed by the moon at its highest peak in the city of Nizhnevartovsk in Russian Siberia.

Nationally, all of Saudi Arabia has witnessed a partial solar eclipse in all its stages, but in varying degrees. The center, northeast, and east of the Kingdom had a higher eclipse rate than other regions.

The partial solar eclipse was observed across most of the Arab world, Europe, western Asia and northeastern Africa. It was the second and last eclipse of the year.

Prayers and sermons on the solar eclipse were delivered at the Grand Mosque in Makkah by Sheikh Bandar Baleelah at 1:45 p.m. Prayers were also held by most mosques in the Kingdom in accordance with the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad.

Majid Abu Zahira, director of the Jeddah Astronomical Society, said a partial solar eclipse occurs when only part of the sun is covered by the moon, making it look like part has been removed .

“During such an eclipse, the moon’s half-shadow passes over us, where the apparent diameter of the sun will be 0.6% larger than average, and the moon will be only four days before perigee, which which will make it relatively large at the grand peak of the eclipse, but that has no real effect on this eclipse because it is partial.

The eclipse was observed across the Kingdom with approximate corresponding times and degrees, beginning with Jeddah, where the partial eclipse lasted two hours and six minutes, beginning at 1:32 p.m. She reached her highest peak at 2:38 p.m., with a percentage of 21.5, and finished at 3:38 p.m.

The partial eclipse from Mecca lasted two hours and seven minutes, starting at 1:33 p.m. It reached its highest peak at 2:39 p.m. with a percentage of 22.1 and ended at 3:40 p.m.

In Medina, the partial eclipse lasted two hours and 13 minutes, began at 1:24 p.m. and reached its greatest coverage at 2:33 p.m. with a percentage of 27.1, ending at 3:37 p.m.

As for Riyadh, the partial eclipse lasted two hours 15 minutes, starting at 1:32 p.m. and ending at 3:42 p.m. with a 33 percent. It peaked at 2:42 p.m.

Abu Zahira said the eclipse was also partially observed in Arab capitals including Abu Dhabi with 37.1% coverage, Cairo with 25.7, Manama 38.8, Doha 37.5, Kuwait 43 and Muscat 36.4.

Jerusalem also recorded 33.6% coverage, Amman 34.8, Sanaa 14.6, Baghdad 46.3, Damascus 37.6, Beirut 37.1, Tripoli 5.1, Khartoum 6.0, Tunis 6, 1 and Djibouti city 7.6.

However, the eclipse was not visible in other Arab capitals, including Algiers, Rabat, Nouakchott, Moroni and Mogadishu.

The partial solar eclipse will be followed by a total lunar eclipse two weeks later on November 8. It will be visible from the West Coast of the United States, Australia and Southeast Asia, but not in the Arab world.a

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