Solar companies use innovative technologies to fight climate change

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By Rahul Gupta,

Climate change is happening right now and is real. It affects the planet in several ways, including warming it, disrupting weather patterns and melting the polar caps. A 2021 study found that 98.7% of climate experts said the earth is warming primarily due to human activity.

There is overwhelming evidence that human activity, particularly the burning of fossil fuels, is the primary cause of climate change. Human activities are changing the natural concentrations of greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere, trapping more heat and causing the Earth to warm. So how are technological improvements helping to mitigate this?

Solar energy companies are already at the forefront of change in the fight against climate change. They are already exploring new innovations in solar energy, including green hydrogen technology, efficiency improvements, thin-film technology, advanced high-capacity batteries, and solar conservation technology. .

Green hydrogen technology

The year 2021 has seen a significant increase in green hydrogen technology. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), it is estimated that hydrogen will cover up to 12% of global energy consumption by 2050. Around the world, countries that have never exchanged energy companies establish bilateral energy partnerships based on hydrogen. The hydrogen trade is unlikely to become militarized and cartelized in relation to the geopolitical influence of oil and gas, due to the growing number of participants and new classes of net importers and exporters on the scene. world.

High efficiency photovoltaic panels

Solar companies are constantly looking for innovative ways to maximize the efficiency of photovoltaic panels. The researchers also developed a bifacial silicon solar cell that offers 24.3% efficiency in the front and 23.4% in the back for an effective efficiency of around 29%. This is the highest efficiency ever demonstrated for silicon solar cells.

Thin film technology

One area of ​​improvement for solar panels is in the area of ​​thin film solar cells. These are made from a very thin layer of material, usually a few microns thick. They have many advantages over traditional crystalline silicon cells, including being lighter and more flexible. Thin-film solar cells also have the potential to be cheaper to produce than conventional silicon cells.

Advanced high capacity batteries

High-capacity batteries with long discharge times could be viable for storing solar energy at night or increasing the range of electric vehicles. According to recent projections, more than 100 gigawatts of these batteries will likely be installed by 2050 and could ultimately impact the viability of renewables. Scientists are also developing solid electrolytes that can make batteries more robust, and target dates for commercialization are as early as 2026.

Solar Energy Conservation

Solar energy is the third largest source of renewable energy after hydroelectricity and wind and has become a clean, sustainable and powerful alternative to fossil fuels. According to a market analysis, solar photovoltaic (PV) power generation is expected to reach 1,940 TWh by 2025. The current global maximum solar power capacity is 592 GW, which contributes 2.2% to global electricity production.

Solar parks and large-scale projects are important areas for innovation and climate change. Large companies are now turning to this option to reduce their carbon footprint. Technological improvements in residential, commercial and industrial roofs (Rooftop solar) have the potential to make a significant contribution to the fight against climate change. In fact, this progress goes hand in hand with government policy.

Government initiatives such as Solar Park Scheme, VGF Schemes, CPSU Scheme, Defense Scheme, Canal bank & Canal top Scheme, Bundling Scheme, Grid Connected Solar Rooftop Scheme, etc., are also taking a prominent place.

End word

The fight against climate change is important and solar companies play a key role in this battle. By continuing to improve their products and invest in new technologies, they are helping to make a difference. The ultimate goal is to create a sustainable future for the planet. Solar companies and government are working together to develop and deploy the innovative solutions needed to fight climate change. With the adoption of technology, solar companies can now provide cost-effective solutions, delivering turnkey projects in minimal time and with minimal hassle.

(The author is MD & CEO Rays Power Experts Pvt. Ltd. The opinions expressed are personal and do not reflect the official position or policy of FinancialExpress.com.)

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